One of the biggest challenges in using a model like HOMER is finding the numbers to put into it. This section of the help is a guide for finding the information you need. If you know of any other helpful sources, please let us know so we can add them.
Note: We cannot guarantee the accuracy of any data from external sources, and do not endorse any manufacturer or retailer.
We are aware of many sources of hourly load data outside of the OpenEI data available within HOMER, including this website which provides typical residential, commercial, and industrial load data for locations across the US.
To find your time zone, check www.worldtimezone.com.
HOMER accepts solar radiation data as monthly averages or as a time series. Time series solar radiation data is most commonly available with an hourly time step, but HOMER can accept any time step down to one minute. Two of the best sources of solar radiation data are the TMY2 and TMY3 data sets provided for free by the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). You can import TMY2 and TMY3 files directly into HOMER's Solar Resource Inputs window.
•NREL provides TMY2 data at http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/1961-1990/tmy2/.
•NREL provides TMY3 data at http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/1991-2005/tmy3/.
•NASA's Surface Solar Energy Data Set provides monthly average solar radiation data for everywhere on earth at http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/.
•The Published Solar Data section of the help contains a table of monthly solar data for selected worldwide locations.
•The US Renewable Resource Data Center provides US data and maps at www.nrel.gov/rredc/solar_resource.html.
•Solargis provides solar and meteorological data with global coverage in hourly and sub-hourly resolution in TMY3 format: http://solargis.info.
•Solcast provides forecast and current solar irradiance and weather data with global coverage and real-time accuracy reporting. https://solcast.com/
It can be difficult to obtain measured wind speed data. Proper measurement of wind speed is expensive and time consuming. Average wind speeds can vary markedly over short distances because of terrain effects. For these reasons, it is often necessary to synthesize wind data from estimated monthly average wind speeds.
Many countries have published wind atlases:
•Wind maps for many US states are available at apps2.eere.energy.gov/wind/windexchange/windmaps/.
•The Canadian Wind Atlas is available at www.windatlas.ca.
•The Brazilian Wind Atlas is available at www.cresesb.cepel.br/publicacoes/index.php?task=livro&cid=1.
A number of other websites provide wind speed data:
•The US Renewable Resource Data Center provides information on wind data at https://www.nrel.gov/gis/data-wind.html.
•The www.weatherbase.com website provides monthly average wind speed data for many cities around the world.
•The US National Climatic Data Center provides monthly average wind speed data for many US cities at https://www.climate.gov/maps-data/dataset/average-wind-speeds-map-viewer. To convert from mph to m/s, divide by 2.23694.
•The Technical University of Denmark maintains a database of wind characteristics at www.winddata.com.
•Solcast provides forecasting for wind farms at https://solcast.com/.
Several retailers sell components for renewable power systems. The website www.ecobusinesslinks.com maintains a list of renewable power retailers around the world. A few have very helpful websites providing cost and performance data for PV panels, wind turbines, hydro turbines, batteries, converters, and other system components. See the following websites:
Other sources of cost and performance data for renewable power system components include:
•Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations, a detailed report on the performance and costs of solar, wind, and biomass power systems. This report includes predictions of future performance and costs out to the year 2030.
•SolarBuzz, which provides price data for PV modules, inverters, batteries, and charge controllers.
•The EPA provides a prices and references for renewable technologies at https://www.epa.gov/greenpower/green-power-pricing.
A very useful document covering the technology, emissions, and costs of natural gas-fired reciprocating generators, microturbines, fuel cells, and Stirling engines is the Gas-Fired Distributed Energy Resource Technology Characterizations.
PVWatts® Calculator is a simple and useful tool for estimating a PV derating factor. https://pvwatts.nrel.gov/pvwatts.php.
The following provide emissions information:
•The US Grid Emissions Factors section of the help contains a table of US grid emissions factors.
•The US Environmental Protection Agency provides emissions coefficients for CO2, SO2, and NOX for US locations at their Power Profiler website at https://www.epa.gov/energy/power-profiler#/.
•The EPA's eGRID website contains even more emissions data, including state-by-state average emissions factors for all the pollutants that HOMER models.
•Additional data, such as The EPA document Emissions Factors, Global Warming Potentials, Unit Conversions, Emissions, and Related Facts, November 1999, can be found at https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2018-03/documents/emission-factors_mar_2018_0.pdf.
The following provide information about policies and incentives:
•For information on current net metering policies across the Unites States, see the US Department of Energy web page on the topic at www.eere.energy.gov/greenpower/markets/netmetering.shtml
•For a list of renewable energy incentives across the United States, see the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy at www.dsireusa.org.